1.A.4.c.i Agriculture: Stationary Combustion

Last updated on 04 Dec 2014 08:38 (cf. Authors)

Short description


Under source category 1.A.4.c.i - Agriculture: Stationary Combustion emissions from smaller combustion plants in agricultural facilities and greenhouses are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Source for (by1)
1.A.4.c i Agriculture: Stationary Combustion T2, T3 NS CS PCDD/F (L)


Activity data

See 1.A.4. - Other: Stationary Combustion.

Emission factors

See 1.A.4. - Other: Stationary Combustion.

Table: Emission factors for commercial and institutional combustion installations

Fuel [kg/TJ] [mg/TJ] [µg/TJ]
Hard Coal 76 332 2,709 48 18.5 17.6 15.7 60,000 16.3
Residual Wood 88 8.4 2,285 99 84 81.6 76.9 430,000 355.3
Light Heating Oil 44 60 12 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 4,000 2.7
Natural Gas 27 0.5 11 0.36 0.03 0.03 0.03 40 1.6

TSP and PM emission factors are to a large extend based on measurements without condensed compounds, according to CEN-TS 15883, annex I.
PAH measurement data contain the following individual substances: Benzo(a)pyrene, Benzo(k)fluoranthene, Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, Benzo(b)fluoranthene, Benzo(j)fluoranthene, Benzo(ghi)perylene, Anthracene, Benzo(a)anthracene, Chrysene(+Trihenylene) and Dibenz(a,h)anthracene, as a specific part of US EPA.

Trend Discussion for Key Sources

The following charts give an overview and assistance for explaining dominant emission trends of selected pollutants.

Annual fluctuations of all fuel types in source category 1.A.4 depend on heat demand subject to winter temperatures. Between 1990 and 2012 the fuel use changed considerably from coal & lignite to natural gas. The consumption of light heating oil decreased as well. As the activity data for light heating oil is based on the sold amount, it fluctuates due to fuel prices and changing storage amounts. The increasing fuel amount in 2010 can be explained by the availability of biogas fuel data.


Recalculations were necessary for the latest reference year (2011) due to the availability of the National Energy Balance. Germany has a federal structure which causes a time lack of the National Energy Balance. Therefore recalculations are always necessary.
Further recalculations (2005-2011) due to a revision of the National Energy Balance.

For pollutant specific information on qualitative and quantitative impacts on 1990 and 2011 emission estimates see chapter 11. Recalculations.

Planned improvements

It is planned to evaluate the results of a new study in order to revise all activity data.
There are further plans for calculating a complete time series for biogas in order to ensure the time consistency. Currently, only data for 2010 to 2012 are available.

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